The different garden models in Germany, America and other European cities do not focus on an actual subsistence economy, but on the beautification and enrichment of life in the city and the creation of new communities. Above all, it is a young urban avant-garde that reacts with new models to global challenges and urban deficits: food crises and environmental problems, isolation, isolation or lack of freedom. Important are flexibility and improvisation. If you want to find space for flowers and plants in dense city structures, you have to be creative.
Some city gardeners, such as the Prinzessinnengärten or Rosa Rose eV They make their garden completely mobile and plant their vegetables in flower tubs, sacks or old bathtubs so they can move at any time. Recycling instead of high-tech, creativity instead of professionalism is the motto.
Collaborative learning, the teaching of knowledge and the creation of consciousness are other central aspects of the gardens. In addition to the common field work, many gardens also offer a cultural program and various workshops.
Community Gardens or community gardens is actually the generic term for collectively operated gardens that are mostly in the city. The areas of these gardens are mainly used as a group, some of the gardens are open to the public. In community gardens, neighbors, political groups, churches, schools, etc. are active.
Intercultural gardens are community gardens where people of different origins grow fruit and vegetables. They provide educational opportunities, promote international exchange, are therapeutic sites and sanctuaries. Especially the foundation Interkultur is active here.
Neighborhood gardens are run by a local community and are located in courtyards, in front of or between the houses.
City Farms and Children Farms are a mixed form. Here livestock are kept (horses, sheep, goats, chickens, etc.) and mostly a garden operated. Especially children with hands-on activities such as riding, gardening, and classical farm work are addressed. There are many such farms in Berlin: Kinderbauernhöfe in Berlin
Guerilla Gardening is the subversive variant of urban greening. As a form of political protest, the guerrilla gardeners are creative and with limited equipment on the way to intervene in the cityscape. These may be vegetables in front of the London House of Parliament, planted tree disks, cannabis plants in Tübingen’s flower boxes, or seeds and onions that are stuck in green strips as they pass by. The term goes back to the New York artist and activist group Green Guerillas greenguerillas.org. Tips can be found here: Guerrilla Gardening
Shrinking Cities – Green Growths in No Man’s Land