Want to bloom your terrace or your balcony? Discover our tips to plant in pots. A pretty flowerpot, a well-chosen plant, and your terrace will be highlighted by a nice, colorful and fragrant flowering. Potted planting requires following a few simple rules to ensure healthy plants.
1. Choose your container
The choice of the container should not be random, or conversely, if you already have your flowerpot, choose a plant that will please. Some varieties of plants need more or less space to grow. In general, it is the type of plant chosen that determines the dimensions of the planter.
The material of the pot
Different materials exist zinc, iron, terracotta, wood, plastic, concrete, and even fabric. For its major advantages, I advise you to prefer plastic flower pots, they are light, modern, solid, frost-resistant, with various shapes and varied and they often have a reserve of water.
With or without water reserve?
The water reserve of a flower pot helps prevent rotting of the roots and allows to irrigate the plants regularly and slowly. This is ideal when you go on vacation or if you do not have time to take care of your plants.
There are two criteria for choosing the right size of your flowerpot: width or diameter and depth. The large pots will be able to accommodate shrubs, a hotpot of several varieties of plants and plants with the falling port. While small pots will be more suitable for annuals, bulbs, and perennials. Again this is only a general rule.
With regard to the depth of the pot, the rule is that the depth must be equal to one-third of the final height of the plant.
2. Prepare your flowerpot
First of all, you will have to prepare your container. In order for the water to drain properly, drain holes must be created in your flower box. Some models already have some, or some sites are pre-drilled. If this is not the case, even drill the bottom of your pot with several small holes or a large one.
Now you need to fill the bottom of your pot with a bed of clay balls, this on 1/5 th of the height of the pot. This drainage is an essential step for the success of your plantation. It prevents the roots from rotting in stagnant water at the bottom of the pot.
If you have a pot with water reserve, it is not mandatory to set up the drainage, because the water reserve can regulate the water contained in the bottom of the pot.
After laying the bed of clay balls, you can install a geotextile felt. It allows to retain the soil during watering, thus avoiding dirtying the terrace, and that the drainage holes are not blocked by the earth.
To plant your plant, choose a good potting soil. There is potting soil specially designed for potted plants. You can also use universal potting mix mixed with garden soil and compost. Some also advise putting some sand.
Now your pot is ready to welcome your plant!
3. Finish the planting
If you put several varieties of plants, first test them by placing them without planting them. Ideally, the tall plants should be in the center of the pot, the low plants around and the falling plants on the edge.
You must let the plants breathe, take care to space them 10 to 15 cm when planting.
Start by drenching your plant, for this, soak it for a few minutes in a bucket of water. If necessary, separate the roots.
Place your plant or plants in the pot thus prepared, and put back a layer of the substrate. Tamp and water generously.